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South African Interest Rate Decision - March 2019

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The South African Reserve Bank (SARB)'s monetary policy committee will announce its interest rate decisions today at 15h00 SAST. Here is what we can possibly expect...

Interest rates in focus:   

  • The Repurchase rate or (Repo Rate) is the rate at which private banks borrow from the SA Reserve Bank, the outlook is that the current rate will remain unchanged at 6.75%.
  • The Prime lending rate or (Prime Rate) is our benchmark rate at which the private banks lend out to the public, the market consensus is that the Prime rate will remain unchanged at 10.25% later today.

Inflation numbers: The latest release of the CPI (Consumers Price Index), Year on Year for February came in slightly higher than expected at 4.1% from 4% recorded in January. The main drivers of the 0.8% CPI (Month on Month) increase were transport and insurance. The inflation number is currently watched carefully as a substantial increase in inflation might just trigger the South African Reserve Bank’s monetary policy committee to increase interest rates.

South African Market Outlook:   

Eskom

Eskom-Head-OfficeThe South African economy has been filled with uncertainty due to Eskom’s load shedding which has seen the troubled power utility struggling to keep the lights on over 2019. The R450 Billion debt burden that Eskom has along with the effects of load shedding is at present a real threat to the South African economy’s growth.

Growth

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth expectations will be closer to 1.0% (Y0Y) for 2019 which is much lower than the 1.8% growth forecast by the World Bank in mid-2018. Eskom’s inability to supply power along with the current debt to GDP is one of the main focal points for Moody’s.

Moody’s

The credit ratings agency Moody’s will release its long-awaited review on Friday the 29th of March where it will be decided whether South Africa’s credit rating will be lowered to sub-investment grade. Currently the only ratings agency to still have SA at investment grade will most probably make its announcement after market hours. A downgrade to sub investment level will see substantial capital outflows from the South African economy.

Petrol price vs Oil

With Brent Crude Oil rising over 25% from the start to the year coupled with the U.S Dollar gaining momentum, SA is set for another roller coaster ride. The petrol price increase trend we saw over 2018 might be on the cards yet again as oil supply cuts are set to continue well into 2019. Goods and services are also set to rise along with additional petrol increases. Not to mention if we see a Moody’s downgrade which might lead to higher petrol prices, weaker exchange rates adding to the burden faced by South Africans.

The Rand Outlook:

The south African Rand (ZAR) has been under immense pressure over 2019 mainly due to the U.S Dollar strengthening over this period. With the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) not expected to increase interest rates which would give the local currency a much-needed lift the next saving grace for the Rand (ZAR) might be the FED’s (Federal Reserve - US central banking system)  dovish stance on U.S interest rates.

With the FED’s current outlook, it is more likely that an interest rate cut might be on the cards later in the year which might give Emerging Markets some breathing room.

USDZAR Chart
USD:ZAR chart - Source: Bloomberg

What is expected for the South African Rand (ZAR):

By looking at the USDZAR currency pair we can see that the Rand (ZAR) has been under pressure since January 2019. The price action has also broken out of a descending technical pattern which supports the move higher. The next major resistance line for the currency pair is the R14.67/ USD level which will be watched closely.

What can I Invest in today?

Exchange Traded Notes (ETN)

  • New wave USD ETN (NEWUSD.JSE)
  • New wave EUR ETN (NEWEUR.JSE)
  • New wave GBP ETN (NEWGBP.JSE)

New wave ETNs can be used in portfolios to gain exposure from the Rand (ZAR) depreciating against the three major currencies like the USD, GBP and EUR when economic events occur like for instance South African Interest Rate Decision which might see the local currency depreciate this time around.

Select images to view each ETN
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When and what time is the South African interest rate announced in South Africa?

28th of March 2019 at 15.00 SAST.

 

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Any opinions, news, research, reports, analyses, prices, or other information contained within this research is provided by Barry Dumas, Market Analyst at GT247 (Pty) Ltd t/a GT247.com (“GT247.com”) as general market commentary, and does not constitute investment advice for the purposes of the Financial Advisory and Intermediary Services Act, 2002. First World Trader (Pty) Ltd t/a EasyEquities (“EasyEquities”) and GT247.com do not warrant the correctness, accuracy, timeliness, reliability or completeness of any information received from third party data providers. You must rely solely upon your own judgment in all aspects of your investment and/or trading decisions and all investments and/or trades are made at your own risk. EasyEquities and GT247.com (including any of their employees) will not accept any liability for any direct or indirect loss or damage, including without limitation, any loss of profit, which may arise directly or indirectly from use of or reliance on the market commentary. The content contained within is subject to change at any time without notice.